Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a condition associated with blood circulation which leads to the narrowing and blocking of blood vessels outside the heart and brain. This occur in the arteries causing fatigue and pain usually in the legs specially during exercise which subsides after resting. PVD is also referred as intermittent claudication or arterial obliteration.
There two types of peripheral vascular disease:
- Functional PVD. In this type, Peripheral Vascular disease (PVD) does not result from physical damages, instead they result from other factors such as brain signals or temperature variations.
- Organic PVD. This involves change in the structure of the blood vessel due to inflammation, tissue damage, or plaques.
Treatment of peripheral vascular disease
The primary goals of peripheral vascular disease treatment are is stop its progression and to manage the pain and symptoms associated with the disease. Treatment also reduces the risks of severe complications associated with the disease like toes on limb amputation. The following are the techniques applied for the treatment and management of PVD:
- Lifestyle modifications such as regular exercise, weight loss, etc.
- Quit smoking as it directly affects blood flow in the vessels.
- Vascular surgery which is considered if most blood vessels are affected.
- Use of medications such as cilostazol, clopidogrel, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), diabetes medication, and atorvastatin.
In summary, PVD can be treated by avoiding the risk factors such as smoking, lifestyle change such as weight loss, medications, and through a vascular surgery.